Douglas-Westwood: Opportunities for IOCs in China?

As China’s onshore oilfields mature, its three state-owned oil companies (CNOOC, CNPC and Sinopec) are looking to develop the country’s sizeable unconventional and deepwater reserves. Whilst more technically challenging to develop than historical oil and gas plays in northern China, these fields provide a chance to revive stagnant oil output as well as boost China’s considerable gas potential. China holds the largest combined shale oil and gas reserves in the world, weighing in at 244 billion boe (EIA, 2013). In addition, 2014 saw the US$6.5 billion deepwater Liwan-3 natural gas field, located in the South China Sea, brought online. This was China’s first deepwater development and signals the start of a series of deepwater oil and gas projects over the coming years.

While these signs will be encouraging for China’s NOCs, it is likely greater measures will be required to secure China’s long term domestic hydrocarbon production. For both deepwater and shale plays, the expertise of IOCs will be crucial for effective development. Saudi Aramco has recognised this in recent years and has signed deals with several IOCs to explore and develop shale resources in southern Saudi Arabia. With respect to Capex-intensive deepwater projects, the financial clout of IOCs has been utilised by various West African NOCs. A major barrier to IOC involvement in China exists in the form of the current production sharing contract (PSC) structure. Currently PSCs in China are particularly demanding on participating foreign oil companies, with the non-state share of produced hydrocarbons subject to a series of reductions and taxes. These include the recovery of the NOC’s exploration and development costs as well as corporation tax and special oil levy. The special oil levy varies with the price of oil, with 20% taken when spot prices are in the US$55 - 60 range and increasing to 40% when prices are above US$75. At the time of writing, the Brent crude benchmark stands at US$58.52, suggesting sustained low oil prices in 2015 and beyond could represent an opportunity for IOCs and independents to invest in Chinese assets whilst the special oil levy is at its lowest.

Matt Cook, Douglas-Westwood London

Adapted from a press release by David Bizley

Published on 09/02/2015

Get your FREE Oilfield Technology magazine »

Get your FREE trial of Hydrocarbon Engineering magazine »

Get your FREE trial of World Pipelines magazine »


Related articles

Douglas-Westwood reflect on the last 25 years in O&G

January 2015 marks the 25th year since the founding of Douglas-Westwood.

Douglas-Westwood considers 2015 drilling expectations

As the year draws to a close, attention turns to drilling, exploration and production expectations for 2015.

Douglas-Westwood sees rising subsea vessel demand

Douglas-Westwood expects the global subsea vessel operating expenditure to total US$ 122 billion during 2015-2019.

Douglas Westwood predicts growth for North Sea services and support industry

“Despite a long-term decline in oil & gas production in the North Sea, its services and support industry has a bright future,” said John Westwood, Chairman of energy business advisors Douglas-Westwood, in Aberdeen this week.

Recommend magazines

  Oilfield Technology