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Wind set to power 30% of global electricity production by 2050

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Energy Global,

Forecasts by DNV GL in a new report,'Offshore wind: The power to progress', delves into 12 key factors which influence the adoption of offshore wind and focuses on the successes, challenges and lessons learnt. It provides an insight into the future of offshore wind and how expansion can be accelerated.

The report states that wind energy is rapidly becoming the new norm for power generation and will deliver 30% of all global electricity production by 2050, with 12% from offshore wind and 18% from onshore wind. In 2019, mega wind projects achieved a new UK record low of £39.65 (US$51.05) MW/h – a 30% price drop on 2017 prices. New projects such as the 252 MW Liuheng (Guodian Zhoushan Putuo) offshore wind farm in China and the 30 MW Block Island wind farm in Rhode Island, USA will help to expand the potential of global offshore wind.

When looking at the future of offshore wind energy, two mega-trends are very clear. Firstly, the relentless drive to reduce the levelised cost of energy (LCoE). Secondly, as a result of the first trend, turbines and wind farms will continue to get bigger.

As wind technology progresses the report outlines the increased use of robotics and artificial intelligence. In construction, robots will initially supplement human capabilities, for example, in heavy lifts and underwater work. They will go on to handle an increasing amount of offshore wind farm construction, especially for wind farms located in remote and hazardous environments. On the operations and maintenance side, robots will take on activities, such as on-site repairs and inspections inside, outside (by drones and crawlers) and below the surface (by remotely operated vehicles).

Having been involved in the offshore wind market since its inception, the report covers in detail the insights and experiences of DNV GL's offshore wind experts from around the globe, on the following topics:

  • The role of policy for offshore wind growth
  • Wind turbine design: is this maturity
  • The emergence of floating wind
  • Establishing supply chains in emerging markets
  • Transnational offshore grid development to accelerate the energy transition
  • How to finance projects in a zero-subsidy world
  • Maximising performance and cost reduction
  • Opportunities for European developers in emerging markets
  • Managing cyclone and earthquake challenges: Offshore projects in extreme weather conditions
  • Developments in the U.S. offshore industry
  • The future of offshore wind

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